As China and Nepal continue to forge closer ties, there are growing concerns that this could directly impact the regional security of India. Nepal traces its roots back to ancient civilization. Its history began in the Kathmandu Valley in the Himalayas. The founder of Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, was born in Southern Nepal. The region is home to Mount Everest, the highest peak on Earth. The Gorkha Kingdom unified Nepal in the 18th century. Historians note that it was during this period that Nepal, as it currently exists, was formed.